Latest update : 20 September 2016.

Cooperation for tackling ESL can take different forms at national, regional, local or school level (Thematic Working Group, 2013: 14). Horizontal coordination between different actors and vertical coordination through different levels of government are equally important. Experiences of member states, comparative data and analytical research suggest that the key issues for successful policies include the cross-sectoral nature of collaboration and the comprehensiveness of the approach. ESL is not just a school issue and its causes need to be addressed across a range of social, youth, family, health, local community, employment, as well as education policies (European Commission, 2011: 8). Each stakeholder and each policy area provides a valuable and different perspective in understanding ESL processes. They each play an important role in defining solutions and offering expertise to address different factors leading to ESL. By networking they provide a holistic solution, which support the development of the whole person.

This section of TITA scientific base considers cross-sectoral cooperation for tackling ESL at the system (national), local level and level of multi-professional teams. In the first subsection the importance of the cross-sectorial approach on the system level is elaborated. In second subsection different forms and benefits of school and local community collaboration are presented. A review of existing (good) practices of cooperation at the level of multi-professional teams as well as review of theoretical dispositions and insight in relational expertize for effective multi-professional collaboration is provided in the third subsection.